Medicine Tree’s magnesium flakes are sourced from the highest grade, purity tested magnesium chloride salt, harvested from natural inland salt deposits.
Magnesium chloride flakes are a rich source of magnesium (approximately 12% mg by weight), and are naturally chelated for optimal absorption.
Magnesium flakes can be given orally, mixed in hard feed, or dissolved in water and applied topically, to muscles or legs.
To apply to muscles, make a liquid solution, then pour or spray over muscles and allow the solution to soak in. To apply to legs, either spray liquid solution directly onto legs, or pour onto poultice wraps, and allow the solution to soak in before applying to your horse’s legs. Magnesium flakes can be added to a hoof bath.
Why Might Your Horse Require or Benefit from Supplemental Magnesium?
Magnesium is a mineral element which is required as a chemical cofactor in over 300 bodily processes, including the maintenance of healthy blood pressure and blood glucose, nerve conduction, muscular contraction, and protein synthesis. Diets high in calcium or phosphorus require balancing with more magnesium, and diets high in non-structural carbohydrates cause a greater magnesium requirement as well as increased urinary magnesium loss, so will require supplementary magnesium. Magnesium is advised whenever horses are grazing green pick after wet weather, or being fed grains.
Magnesium as an Antioxidant
Better blood magnesium concentraions improve the production and/or activitiy of glutathione peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase. These three important antioxidant compounds capture dangerous, unstable free-radicals and neutralise them, before they can wreak havoc on body tissues. Keeping your antioxidant status up and free-redical levels down is essential for maintaining tissue integrity, ensuring good health and longevity. Good antioxidant status can lift some of the burden from the liver, kidneys and immune system, as well as reduce potential damage to them, leaving them more available to see to other tasks.
Magnesium as a Bone Builder
While calcium is touted as the essential bone mineral, studies and practical experience are moving in favour of magnesium as the critical mineral element for strong, healthy bones and teeth. Of course, it is a combined effort between at least the known elements calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, boron and vitamins D and K, and no doubt many others, however; magnesium appears to play an integral role in keeping all of these elements working and delivering into bone matrix appropriately, as well as behaving as an ideal blood alkaliser in place of the skeletal calcium. Approximately 60% of bodily magnesium is found in bone matrix, while 30% is found in muscle tissue. Magnesium is an important alkaliser, binding with acidic compounds to keep blood chemistry level. When insufficient magnesium is avialable, calcium is leached from bones into the bloodstream to neutralise acids. Higher extracellular levels of magnesium inhibit parathyroid hormone secretion and improve blood calcitonin levels, reducing bone porosity (osteoporosis). While too much dietary calcium can cause issues of muscular tightness and unwanted calcium deposits, magnesium provides a safe acid buffer which means that the smaller amount of calcium required in the diet can be used to maintain and lay new bone, rather than for other emergency processes for which it is not ideally suited. Excess magnesium is easily excreted by most animals, save for those who are suffering from renal disease, so an excess of mg is usually not a problem, being excreted in urine, sweat and fecal matter.
Magnesium for Metabolic Health
Magnesium plays a vital role in the maintenance of blood glucose homeostasis, and insulin activity. Studies and field trials suggest that magnesium can offer both a preventative and treatment benefit to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome.
Magnesium for Athletic Performance
Magnesium is used in the production of ATP, creating the compound Mg-ATP. Magnesium has been shown to reduce blood lactate level and muscular lactate accumulation, and increase glucose levels in the blood and brain during strenuous exercise, improving exercise endurance. Magnesium supplementation can increase plasma glucose levels for a period of time following cessation of exercise, suggesting a benefit for post-exercise muscle recovery.